Buhari’s Special Adviser Explains Fuel Price Increase In This Brilliant Article


Special Adviser to President Buhari on National Planning Ben Akabueze has weighed in on the increase in fuel price recently announced by Nigeria’s Minister for State for Petroleum Dr. Ibe Kachikwu.

He wrote an interesting piece on his facebook pagewhere he explained the price removal from his own perspective. Here it is in full.

I have finally decided, at the risk of being labeled / abused, to weigh in on the discussion regarding the new framework for pricing petroleum products in the country.

My sole purpose in making this post is to attempt to clarify the issues, especially for those whose minds are not already closed on the subject.

Most commentators have used ‘subsidy removal’ to describe the FGN’s decision. However, if you read the statement issued by the HMS-Petroleum you will not find subsidy removal therein. The fact is that at the beginning of this year, the FGN announced that henceforth petroleum product pricing will be based on a ‘Price Modulation template’. That is why there was no fresh provision for Fuel Subsidy in the 2016 budget.

The two key variables in this template are Crude Oil price and N/$ exchange rate. Earlier in the year, based on crude price of $38pbl and N197/$, the template produced a price of N86-N86.50/litre of PMS. It is this same template that has now produced a price of N135-145/litre.

So what changed?

Firstly, crude price increased from $38 to $46. Secondly, an autonomous market exchange rate of N285/$ was applied. The first reason is obvious but the second requires explanation.

It is no longer news that there has been a more than 60% crash in the price of crude oil, which accounts for over 90% of Nigeria’s foreign exchange(fx) earnings. We are therefore facing severe fx shortages, worsened by our failure to save during the boom years of Jonathan’s administration.

For the records, with lower average crude oil price during Obasanjo’s administration, Nigeria built up reserves/savings of over $60bn. Under Jonathan we ended up with about $30bn despite higher average crude oil price.

The CBN therefore resorted to rationing the limited fx. In government’s determination to keep the price of PMS low, about 40% of available fx was being allocated to fuel importation. This meant that manufacturers were crowded out of the CBN fx window.

As a consequence, many factories have closed down and laid off their staff. Others have resorted to sourcing fx autonomously at higher rates, which they pass on by price increases for their products, thus fueling inflation.

The decision government has therefore made is to prioritise fx allocation to the real sector thereby saving jobs and reducing prices of some basic goods. Note that the biggest fuel cost for manufacturers is diesel (since deregulated) for their generators. In other words, instead of having manufacturers source their Dollars at about N285/$, let the fuel importers do so especially since most of the PMS sold in the country was above N86.50 despite allocating 40% of our fx to fuel imports.

This is the difficult trade-off government has had to make. Without a doubt, the fuel price increase will cause hardship for many but hopefully some of that will be ameliorated by the effect of manufacturers getting more fx, with their staff getting back their jobs and lower product prices.

Now, let me talk about subsidy removal. The fuel subsidy regime in Nigeria has never made sense to me for the following reasons:

(1) It was a subsidy on consumption. Wise nations subsidise production rather than consumption. In such countries, fuel efficiency is often the most important consideration in buying a car. But in Nigeria, because of cheap fuel, a guy would rather buy a 10 year-old fuel-guzzling ‘tokunbo’ SUV than a brand new KIA Soul for same price!

(2) The subsidy scheme was extremely fraud-prone. Trying to reform it was like attempting to reform Satan – an impossibility. It was therefore best to scrap it. That is why I supported the Jonathan govt’s effort to do so in 2012. Probably some people opposed Jonathan’s subsidy removal for political reasons. However, the unprecedented subsidy scam of 2011, when we spent over N2trillion (about 50% of the national budget) on fuel subsidy made some people so mad with the govt that they were in no mood to reason with it.



8 thoughts on “Buhari’s Special Adviser Explains Fuel Price Increase In This Brilliant Article

  1. This is, in fact, a good informative analysis. Ben’s message could even grab the attention of a pedestrian quite easily. I’m sure NLC would have bury its head in the sand from now on.


  2. Same old IMF template – buy your own crude oil at international prices when wages are nowhere near international rates. Really?


  3. I think Ben is a practical economist and planner. There’s no need asking about the rationale for increased fuel price. NLC’s agitation for higher pay doesn’t make sense. Who pays? The bankrupt states? The states cannot even pay the prevailing minimum wage at this moment. I want Ben Akabueze to clarify on deregulation and real subsidy removal. I need full deregulation of the oil sector and let companies run the refineries. What’s nnpc existing for? It’s a veritable source of corruption whereby the oil thieves were aided by the dpr staffers and managers . Until subsidy is truly removed and the oil sector fully deregulated, Nigeria will continue to witness monumental corruption associated with the prevailing circumstances. We know that government’s spending in running politicians crumbled and made non sense of the efforts of genuine technocrats and responsible political office holders during the Jonathan’s era. Let the present administration learn from the past one instead of the present level of complaints coming out officials and even by the president Buhari himself. We want solution just like Obama inherited a failed economy and turned it around.


    1. You cant compare America and Nigeria. Obama inherited an economy with all the infrastructure and money inflow needed to turn things around, the economy didnt have leakage of billions of dollars yearly. Most of what obama did was just to cut down on the defence spending(basically pulled out of iraq and most of afghanistan) and channelled the money to bailing out manufacturing companies etc. Buhari is in a really terrible situation and frankly if he blames Jonathan everyday i dont blame him


  4. This is kind of explanations Nigerians need. I hope we see the positive effect of this policy in no distance future. Thanks, Mr. Ben.


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